Consumers are increasingly under financial pressure, with new car sales figures for February, at 27 000, reflecting a 13.3% decrease from February last year.
Faisal Mkhize, managing executive of Absa Vehicle and Asset Finance, says the bank has seen a 19% increase in vehicle finance applications in the first two months of the year. “However, we believe the primary reason for the increase in the number of applications received is due to the fact that consumers are completing multiple applications more so than last year before they decide on the vehicle they can afford or get approval for,” he notes.
Moneyweb used Absa’s vehicle finance calculator, which is based on a default finance rate of 12.25% (prime + 2%). It’s important to note that when approaching a bank for finance, either for vehicle finance or a home loan, the interest rate that is granted will depend on an individual’s credit risk profile.
Applying for finance for a car priced at R200 000
|Deposit||Monthly repayment||Total capital
|Interest and service fees||Term of agreement||Balloon payment||Total repayment|
|Scenario 1||10%||R4 450||R181 207||R59 137||54 months||0||R240 344|
|Scenario 2||0||R4 028||R201 207||R88 869||72 months||0||R290 076|
|Scenario 3||0||R3 457||R201 207||R108 065||72 months||30%||R309 272|
|Scenario 4||0||R4 091||R201 207||R80 069||54 months||30%||R281 276|
|Scenario 5||10%||R3 635||R181 207||R80 530||72 months||0||R261 737|
|Scenario 6||15%||R5 776||R171 207||R36 728||36 months||0||R207 935|
* Note: The monthly service fee across the board is R69 and you also pay a once-off initiation fee of R1 207.50 when you take out vehicle finance.
* Quick tip: Tell the dealership you want to pay the once-off initiation fee upfront in cash so that it is not added to the full-term loan and you don’t pay interest on it.
As the table above clearly shows, a shorter loan period and larger deposit significantly decreases the interest you pay in the long term, with a difference of R101 337 between scenarios three and six.
Mkhize cautions that this is only a guide intended to help you calculate the finance arrangement that you can best afford, using different deposit amounts, periods and balloon payments.
He explains that choosing a balloon payment and a repayment period of 72 months means that the capital portion of the loan doesn’t decrease as quickly as when the loan has no balloon payment.
“In other words, even in the 72nd and final month of the contract, you will still pay interest on 30% of the original loan amount,” he says.
Mkhize notes that in scenario five, saving up for a 10% deposit on a R200 000 car could simply mean postponing the purchase by four to five months, but you save almost R28 000 on interest over 72 months and have no balloon payment.
Use your access bond and pay cash for the car
Lee Mhlongo, chief executive of First National Bank Home Finance, says a good proxy for the interest rate on a mortgage bond is 10.25%. “Consumers can access additional prepaid funds on their FNB home loans,” he says. This applies to other banks too.
Withdrawing a lump sum from your home loan facility and using it to pay cash for the car can be a good option because it means you pay a significantly lower interest rate. However, you must structure your repayments so that you pay off the lump sum amount borrowed over five years and not the full term of the home loan, which is 20 years.
As the table below shows, a 15-year difference in the term of your repayments can mean that you pay as much as R214 745.66 more in interest alone.
|Repayment over 20 years||Repayment over five years||Vehicle finance over five years|
|R200 000.00||R200 000.00||R200 000.00|
|Repayment term (months)||240||60||60|
|Monthly Repayment||R1 963.29||R4 274.05||R4 474.20|
|Total interest||R271 188.83||R56 443.17||R68 451.84|
Source: FNB Home Finance
Craig Gradidge, executive director at Gradidge-Mahura Investments, says that while taking money out of your home loan to finance a car can be tempting, he advises separate financing.
“While you are able to get cheaper interest rates via an access bond, you potentially compromise both assets in the event of financial distress. You also use up a source of contingency funding by using your access bond,” he says.
Gradidge’s advice ties in with Mkhize’s observation that consumers are making multiple finance applications.
‘Banks go through different underwriting cycles and your bank may not be offering the best interest rates when you want to buy a car. This makes it worth your while to apply for funding with all four banks,’ says Gradidge.
Absa Vehicle and Asset Finance anticipates that the SA Reserve Bank will hike interest rates by 25 basis points in late 2019 in a bid to keep inflation under control. However, vehicle finance contracts typically last five years, so when calculating affordability, consider an interest rate hike of 3% on the interest rate offered. If you can still afford the increased installment, you will have built in a buffer as a safeguard for when interest rates rise.
Gradidge concludes that the ideal scenario is one where you finance a car over the shortest period possible, but notes that sometimes affordability means you have to extend the repayment term.
Article written by Neesa Moodley compliments of Money Web